13 Terrific Memoirs to Help You Read Like a Writer
It just makes sense that that if you want to write, you need to read…a lot. And not only read, but read like a writer. To mix our metaphors a little, how else will you know how to create your memoir like an architect, figuring out the structure of your book, unless you know what a favourite writer is doing and how they are doing it?
Questions to Ask When You Read Like a Writer
When you read like a writer, you read once for pleasure, and a second time (often with a pen in hand) to sort out how a writer has created an effect that you really like, or one that you don’t. Every sentence in a book is the result of a decision by the writer. By paying attention to the choices the writer has made, you can more easily understand how to make the same choices or how to avoid them.
When you read like a writer, some of the questions to ask yourself include:
- How does the author move from one idea to another?
- If there’s a place in the writing where I am bored or confused, how did that happen?
- Does the language work? Is it authentic?
- How does the author get me to feel certain emotions?
- What details has the author included? Which ones were left out that I would have liked included?
Create Like an Architect
When you read like a writer, one of the most important things you’re noticing is the frame of the book. How is the author taking you from her life as a sixty-year-old single woman to her relationship with her third grade teacher, to her two unsuccessful marriages? And how is she doing it within the frame of a single month of her life when she was recovering from a stroke?
There are probably as many frames for writing as there are memoirists. Some of the frames are dependent on a memoir’s theme. The only frame to avoid is chronology. While I’m sure someone has or will make chronology work beautifully in a memoir, it’s generally tedious for your reader to have to traipse along after you, decade by decade.
#6 – 13 Terrific Memoirs to Help You Read Like a Writer
13 of the Memoirs on my Bookshelf
I didn’t realize just how much I enjoy this genre until I counted the forty-two memoirs on my bookshelf. I’ve chosen a representative sampling of thirteen, and snuck in a few extra. If there’s nothing of interest here, there are many online lists such as this one of the best memoirs ever written or this one of 32 memoirs you just have to read.
A Particular Period in Life
My Salinger Year by Joanna Rakoff (2014)
Joanna Rakoff leaves graduate school and moves to New York City to pursue her dream of becoming a poet. She takes a job as assistant to the literary agent for J.D. Salinger. Her task is to send a form response to letters from Salinger’s readers but instead starts writing back as Salinger. In the process she finds her own voice by acting as Salinger’s.
Brain on Fire: My Month of Madness by Susannah Cahalan (2012)
Twenty-four-year-old Susannah Cahalan had it all, a great boyfriend and a new career as journalist for The New York Post. Then she woke up strapped to a hospital bed, by turns violent and catatonic.
Where Place is Almost a Character
Out of the Woods: A Memoir of Wayfinding by Lynn Darling (2014)
When her daughter leaves for college, Lynn Darling, widowed more than a decade, moves to a little house in the middle of the Vermont woods. Darling finds it easy to get lost so she challenges herself to learn her way around the woods and to develop a new sense of direction in her life.
The Reluctant Tuscan: How I Discovered My Inner Italian by Phil Doran (2005)
Phil Doran was the writer and producer of several popular TV shows. When he burned out and didn’t know it, his wife dragged him to Italy where she had purchased a three-hundred-year-old farmhouse for them to restore.Note: There’s no shortage of memoirs about life in Italy or France. I’m still looking for the memoir about life in a thatched roof cottage by the sea in Wales. I may just have to live it and write it!
Coming of Age
While the examples I give are of difficult childhoods, a memoir about an ordinary childhood would work. The critical feature of a coming of age memoir is that it be exceptionally well written. These two books plus Angela’s Ashes by Frank McCourt and I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou, are the standard against which all others are judged.
The Glass Castle by Jeannette Walls (2005)
The children in the Walls family took care of themselves and of each other. Their father was great when sober, destructive when drunk. Their mother was a free spirit who didn’t want to raise a family.
The Liars Club by Mary Karr (1995)
Mary Karr describes her childhood in East Texas in the 1960s. She recounts the problems of growing up within a “terrific family of liars and drunks.”
A Spiritual Journey
Devotion: A Memoir by Dani Shapiro (2010)
Described as a spiritual detective story, Devotion is about the author’s search for meaning after her father’s early death and the life-threatening illness of her infant son.
The Spiral Staircase: My Climb Out of Darkness by Karen Armstrong (2004)
Karen Armstrong entered a convent at seventeen, leaving seven years later to pursue English literature at Oxford. But convent life had altered her and she had difficulty coping with the outside world. That is until she stumbled into a study of comparative theology.
Let’s Take the Long Way Home: A Memoir of Friendship by Gail Caldwell (2010)
Two writers, Gail Caldwell and Caroline Knapp (author of the memoir, Drinking: A Love Story) walk their dogs in the woods of New England and talk about everything. Then Knapp is diagnosed with cancer.
What Comes Next and How to Like It: A Memoir by Abigail Thomas (2015)
Abigail and Chuck have been best friends for thirty-five years. Then Chuck falls in love with Abigail’s youngest daughter. Yes, it sounds like the plot of a soap opera, but do yourself a favour and read this or anything by Abigail Thomas, such as her other memoir, A Three Dog Life (2006). Stephen King praises the latter: “The best memoir I have ever read. This book is a punch to the heart. Read it.”
On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft by Stephen King (2000)
Speaking of Stephen King, he wrote this memoir when a freak accident jeopardized both his life and his art. I’m not a fan of the horror genre so hadn’t read much King. This book left me relieved that the accident didn’t destroy this massive talent.
Floor Sample: A Creative Memoir by Julia Cameron (2006)
Julia Cameron is the author of The Artist’s Way and dozens of other books about creativity. She has lived a colourful life, including writing for Rolling Stone magazine and being married to Martin Scorsese.
Just in case you’re thinking that you can’t write a memoir if you haven’t had a brain illness, accident, terrible childhood, farmhouse in Tuscany, or affair with your best friend’s son, here is a memoir by someone like us.
Magical Journey: An Apprenticeship in Contentment by Katrina Kenison (2013)
Katrina Kenison’s youngest son leaves home to finish high school in another state. Kenison’s identity was wrapped up in being a mom; she feels lost and uncertain of her purpose in life.
There’s Frame and Then There’s Format
I can’t end this six-part memoir series without reminding us that a memoir does not have to be a book. There are memoirs written as:
- Poetry — for example, Taking Your Own True Name by Keven Bellows (2004)
- Essays–Lots of Candles, Plenty of Cake by Anna Quindlen (2012), Let’s Pretend This Never Happened (A Mostly True Memoir) by Jenny Lawson (2012), Sister, Mother, Husband, Dog by Delia Ephron (2013)
- Letters–for example, 84 Charing Cross Road by Helene Hanff (1970)
- One Long Letter —Paula by Isabel Allende (1994)
- Journals–Journal of a Solitude by May Sarton (1973), Daybook: The Journal of an Artist by Anne Truitt (2013), Simple Days: A Journal on What Really Matters by Marlene Schiwy (2002)
- A Hybrid, like this memoir/decorating book I’ve reviewed this week–The Bee Cottage Story by Frances Schultz (2015)
What memoirs would you recommend? If you are writing a memoir, what format do you think it might take?